Rhythmic Gymnastics Apparatus Requirements:
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The rope is made of hemp or other synthetic material. Its length is proportional to the gymnast’s height. Rope is considered to be a very dynamic apparatus requiring good jumping abilities and explosiveness.
The technical groups for rope are jumps and skips passing into the rope, rotations, throws and catches and small tosses. Handling the apparatus includes swings, circles, figure eights and “sails”.
Rope is a very dynamic apparatus requiring agility, jumping ability and coordination. The rope’s shape throughout the routine should remain well designed, without any curves.
The hoop may be made of plastic or wood. Its interior diameter is from 80 to 90 cm; its minimum weight is 300 grams. The hoop must be rigid enough to retain its shape.
The technical groups for hoop are the rolls over the body or on the floor, rotations around the hand or other parts of the body, throws and catches and passing over or through the hoop. Handling the apparatus includes swings, circles and figure eights.
Hoop is the apparatus offering the greatest variety of movements and technical skills. It must be used on all levels and planes. Any vibration of the hoop in the air is penalized.
It’s made of rubber or a synthetic material. It is 18-20 cm in diameter and weights 400g.
The technical groups for ball include throws and catches, bouncing and rolling over the body or on the floor. Handling includes “thrusts”, swings, circles, figure eight or “flip overs”.
Ball is by tradition an elegant and “lyrical” rather than a dynamic apparatus. The ball should rest in the gymnast’s hand and not against the wrist, all the time during performance; no grip is allowed, the movement should be flowing and sensuous.
They are 40-50cm long and weight 150gr each and should be made of wood or synthetic material.
The technical groups for clubs include mills, small circles, throws and catches and tapping. Handling includes “thrusts”, figure eights and asymmetric movements.
Clubs are a great “hand – game”! Their handling requires rhythmic work, psychomotor coordination and clockwork precision. Clubs are especially popular with ambidextrous gymnasts.
At World Championships it was first introduced in Cuba 1971. The ribbon, made of satin (or a similar material without starch) is at least 6m long and 4-6cm wide. The stick is of 1 cm diameter and a length from 50 to 60 cm. It is usually made of wood, bamboo, plastic or fibreglass. Its maximum weight is 35 grams.
The technical groups for ribbon are the “snakes”, spirals, throws and catches, small tosses. Handling includes “thrusts”, swings, circles and figure eights.
The movements with the ribbon should be large and freeflowing. Any knots in the ribbon are penalized. Its function is to create clearly outlined designs in space. Working with the ribbon requires strength of the shoulder and arm muscles.